Indian Standards for bricks, technologies, processes
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the National Standards Body of India has been successfully promoting and nurturing the standardisation movement in the country since 1947.
Performance Appraisal Certificate Scheme
Over the years, a number of standards have been developed laying down requirements for classification, general quality, dimensions and physical requirements for building material.
• IS 1077 establishes these specifications for burnt clay building bricks.
• IS 3951 and IS 3952 lay down the standards for hollow clay bricks.
• IS 1077 does not allow for waste utilisation in the bricks.
• IS 13757:1993 allows for fly ash utilisation in burnt clay building bricks, but not other industrial waste.
• IS:12894:1990 specifies standards for Flyash Lime bricks.
• IS 2117:1991 is a guide for manufacture of hand-made common burnt clay building bricks.
• IS 11650:1991 guides their manufacture by semi-mechanised process.
A Performance Appraisal Certificate Scheme (PACS) is being implemented for the development and promotion of materials, products, and systems under the joint initiatives of Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council (BMPTC), Construction Industry Development Council, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and other agencies. It covers intended use of new building materials, components, products, elements, construction systems and assemblies, not yet covered by the Indian Standards. A Performance Appraisal Certificate (PAC) for Vertical Shaft Brick Kiln (VSBK) technology was finalised at the first meeting of the Technical Assessment Committee (TAC) of PACS.
Technology Upgradation Support by DSIR
The Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR) of the Ministry of Science and Technology has the mandate of strengthening the interface between industry, R&D establishments and academic institutions; and providing catalytic support for development and demonstration of innovative product and process technologies, from proof of concept or laboratory stage to pilot stage, rendering them fit for commercialisation. The Technology Promotion, Development and Utilization Programme (TPDU) of the department has the objective of Development and Demonstration of innovative need-based technologies for making the industry competitive